curs_mouse 3x

curs_mouse(3x)                                                  curs_mouse(3x)


       has_mouse, getmouse, ungetmouse, mousemask, wenclose, mouse_trafo,
       wmouse_trafo, mouseinterval - mouse interface through curses


       #include <curses.h>

       typedef unsigned long mmask_t;

       typedef struct {
           short id;         /* ID to distinguish multiple devices */
           int x, y, z;      /* event coordinates */
           mmask_t bstate;   /* button state bits */
       } MEVENT;

       bool has_mouse(void);

       int getmouse(MEVENT *event);
       int ungetmouse(MEVENT *event);

       mmask_t mousemask(mmask_t newmask, mmask_t *oldmask);

       bool wenclose(const WINDOW *win, int y, int x);

       bool mouse_trafo(int* pY, int* pX, bool to_screen);
       bool wmouse_trafo(const WINDOW* win,
                         int* pY, int* pX, bool to_screen);

       int mouseinterval(int erval);


       These functions provide an interface to mouse events from  ncurses(3x).
       Mouse  events  are  represented  by  KEY_MOUSE pseudo-key values in the
       wgetch(3x) input stream.


       To make mouse events visible, use the mousemask  function.   This  sets
       the  mouse  events to be reported.  By default, no mouse events are re-

       o   The function returns an updated copy of newmask to  indicate  which
           of the specified mouse events can be reported.

           If the screen has not been initialized, or if the terminal does not
           support mouse-events, this function returns 0.

       o   If oldmask is non-NULL, this function fills the indicated  location
           with the previous value of the current screen's mouse event mask.

       As  a  side  effect,  setting  a  zero mousemask may turn off the mouse
       pointer; setting a nonzero mask may turn it on.  Whether  this  happens
       is device-dependent.

Mouse events

       Here are the mouse event type masks which may be defined:

       Name                     Description
       BUTTON1_PRESSED          mouse button 1 down
       BUTTON1_RELEASED         mouse button 1 up
       BUTTON1_CLICKED          mouse button 1 clicked

       BUTTON1_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 1 double clicked
       BUTTON1_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 1 triple clicked
       BUTTON2_PRESSED          mouse button 2 down
       BUTTON2_RELEASED         mouse button 2 up
       BUTTON2_CLICKED          mouse button 2 clicked
       BUTTON2_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 2 double clicked
       BUTTON2_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 2 triple clicked
       BUTTON3_PRESSED          mouse button 3 down
       BUTTON3_RELEASED         mouse button 3 up
       BUTTON3_CLICKED          mouse button 3 clicked
       BUTTON3_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 3 double clicked
       BUTTON3_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 3 triple clicked
       BUTTON4_PRESSED          mouse button 4 down
       BUTTON4_RELEASED         mouse button 4 up
       BUTTON4_CLICKED          mouse button 4 clicked
       BUTTON4_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 4 double clicked
       BUTTON4_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 4 triple clicked
       BUTTON5_PRESSED          mouse button 5 down
       BUTTON5_RELEASED         mouse button 5 up
       BUTTON5_CLICKED          mouse button 5 clicked
       BUTTON5_DOUBLE_CLICKED   mouse button 5 double clicked
       BUTTON5_TRIPLE_CLICKED   mouse button 5 triple clicked
       BUTTON_SHIFT             shift was down during button state change
       BUTTON_CTRL              control was down during button state change
       BUTTON_ALT               alt was down during button state change
       ALL_MOUSE_EVENTS         report all button state changes
       REPORT_MOUSE_POSITION    report mouse movement


       Once a class of mouse events has been made visible in a window, calling
       the wgetch function on that window may return KEY_MOUSE as an indicator
       that a mouse event has been queued.  To read the event data and pop the
       event off the queue, call getmouse.  This function will return OK if  a
       mouse  event  is  actually  visible in the given window, ERR otherwise.
       When getmouse returns OK, the data deposited as y and x  in  the  event
       structure  coordinates  will  be screen-relative character-cell coordi-
       nates.  The returned state mask will have exactly one bit set to  indi-
       cate the event type.  The corresponding data in the queue is marked in-
       valid.  A subsequent call to getmouse will retrieve the next older item
       from the queue.


       The  ungetmouse  function  behaves analogously to ungetch.  It pushes a
       KEY_MOUSE event onto the input queue, and associates  with  that  event
       the given state data and screen-relative character-cell coordinates.


       The  wenclose  function  tests  whether a given pair of screen-relative
       character-cell coordinates is enclosed by  a  given  window,  returning
       TRUE  if  it is and FALSE otherwise.  It is useful for determining what
       subset of the screen windows enclose the location of a mouse event.


       The wmouse_trafo function transforms a given pair of  coordinates  from
       stdscr-relative coordinates to coordinates relative to the given window
       or vice versa.  The resulting stdscr-relative coordinates are  not  al-
       ways  identical  to window-relative coordinates due to the mechanism to
       reserve lines on top or bottom of the screen for  other  purposes  (see
       the ripoffline and slk_init(3x) calls, for example).

       o   If the parameter to_screen is TRUE, the pointers pY, pX must refer-
           ence the coordinates of a location inside the window win.  They are
           converted  to  window-relative coordinates and returned through the
           pointers.  If the conversion was successful, the  function  returns

       o   If one of the parameters was NULL or the location is not inside the
           window, FALSE is returned.

       o   If to_screen is FALSE, the pointers pY, pX must  reference  window-
           relative  coordinates.  They are converted to stdscr-relative coor-
           dinates if the window win encloses this point.  In  this  case  the
           function returns TRUE.

       o   If  one  of  the  parameters is NULL or the point is not inside the
           window, FALSE is returned.  The referenced coordinates are only re-
           placed  by the converted coordinates if the transformation was suc-


       The mouse_trafo function performs the same translation as wmouse_trafo,
       using stdscr for win.


       The  mouseinterval  function  sets  the maximum time (in thousands of a
       second) that can elapse between press and release events for them to be
       recognized  as  a click.  Use mouseinterval(0) to disable click resolu-
       tion.  This function returns the previous interval value.  Use mousein-
       terval(-1)  to obtain the interval without altering it.  The default is
       one sixth of a second.


       The has_mouse function returns TRUE if the mouse driver has  been  suc-
       cessfully initialized.

       Note  that  mouse  events will be ignored when input is in cooked mode,
       and will cause an error beep when cooked mode is being simulated  in  a
       window  by a function such as getstr that expects a linefeed for input-
       loop termination.


       getmouse and ungetmouse return the integer ERR upon failure or OK  upon
       successful completion:

               returns an error.

          o   If  no mouse driver was initialized, or if the mask parameter is

          o   It returns an error if a mouse event was detected which did  not
              match the current mousemask.

          o   It also returns an error if no more events remain in the queue.

               returns an error if the FIFO is full.

       mousemask returns the mask of reportable events.

       mouseinterval  returns the previous interval value, unless the terminal
       was not initialized.  In that case, it  returns  the  maximum  interval
       value (166).

       wenclose and wmouse_trafo are boolean functions returning TRUE or FALSE
       depending on their test result.


       These calls were designed for ncurses(3x), and are not  found  in  SVr4
       curses, 4.4BSD curses, or any other previous version of curses.

       SVr4  curses had support for the mouse in a variant of xterm(1).  It is
       mentioned in a few places, but with no supporting documentation:

       o   the "libcurses" manual page lists functions for this feature  which
           are prototyped in curses.h:

               extern int mouse_set(long int);
               extern int mouse_on(long int);
               extern int mouse_off(long int);
               extern int request_mouse_pos(void);
               extern int map_button(unsigned long);
               extern void wmouse_position(WINDOW *, int *, int *);
               extern unsigned long getmouse(void), getbmap(void);

       o   the "terminfo" manual page lists capabilities for the feature

               buttons           btns    BT       Number of buttons on the mouse
               get_mouse         getm    Gm       Curses should get button events
               key_mouse         kmous   Km       0631, Mouse event has occurred
               mouse_info        minfo   Mi       Mouse status information
               req_mouse_pos     reqmp   RQ       Request mouse position report

       o   the  interface  made assumptions (as does ncurses) about the escape
           sequences sent to and received from the terminal.

           For instance the SVr4 curses library used the get_mouse  capability
           to  tell  the  terminal  which  mouse button events it should send,
           passing the mouse-button bit-mask to the terminal.  Also, it  could
           ask  the terminal where the mouse was using the req_mouse_pos capa-

           Those features required a terminal which had been modified to  work
           with curses.  They were not part of the X Consortium's xterm.

       When  developing the xterm mouse support for ncurses in September 1995,
       Eric Raymond was uninterested in using the same interface  due  to  its
       lack of documentation.  Later, in 1998, Mark Hesseling provided support
       in PDCurses 2.3 using the SVr4 interface.  PDCurses, however, does  not
       use  video  terminals, making it unnecessary to be concerned about com-
       patibility with the escape sequences.

       The feature macro NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION is provided so the preprocessor
       can  be used to test whether these features are present.  If the inter-
       face is changed, the value of NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION will be  increment-
       ed.   These values for NCURSES_MOUSE_VERSION may be specified when con-
       figuring ncurses:

          1  has definitions for reserved events.  The mask uses 28 bits.

          2  adds definitions for button 5, removes the  definitions  for  re-
             served events.  The mask uses 29 bits.

       The order of the MEVENT structure members is not guaranteed.  Addition-
       al fields may be added to the structure in the future.

       Under ncurses(3x), these calls are  implemented  using  either  xterm's
       built-in mouse-tracking API or platform-specific drivers including

          o   Alessandro Rubini's gpm server

          o   FreeBSD sysmouse

          o   OS/2 EMX

       If you are using an unsupported configuration, mouse events will not be
       visible to ncurses(3x) (and the mousemask function will  always  return

       If  the  terminfo entry contains a XM string, this is used in the xterm
       mouse driver to control the way the terminal is initialized  for  mouse
       operation.   The  default,  if  XM is not found, corresponds to private
       mode 1000 of xterm:


       The mouse driver also recognizes a newer xterm private mode 1006, e.g.,


       The z member in the event structure is not presently used.  It  is  in-
       tended  for use with touch screens (which may be pressure-sensitive) or
       with 3D-mice/trackballs/power gloves.

       The ALL_MOUSE_EVENTS  class  does  not  include  REPORT_MOUSE_POSITION.
       They  are  distinct.   For example, in xterm, wheel/scrolling mice send
       position reports as a sequence of presses of buttons  4  or  5  without
       matching button-releases.


       Mouse  events  under  xterm  will  not in fact be ignored during cooked
       mode, if they have been enabled by mousemask.  Instead, the xterm mouse
       report sequence will appear in the string read.

       Mouse  events  under  xterm  will not be detected correctly in a window
       with its keypad bit off, since they are interpreted  as  a  variety  of
       function  key.   Your  terminfo  description  should  have kmous set to
       "\E[M" (the beginning of the response from  xterm  for  mouse  clicks).
       Other  values  for  kmous are permitted, but under the same assumption,
       i.e., it is the beginning of the response.

       Because there are no standard terminal responses that  would  serve  to
       identify  terminals which support the xterm mouse protocol, ncurses as-
       sumes that if kmous is defined in the terminal description, or  if  the
       terminal  description's  primary  name  or  aliases  contain the string
       "xterm", then the terminal may send mouse events.  The kmous capability
       is  checked first, allowing the use of newer xterm mouse protocols such
       as xterm's private mode 1006.


       curses(3x), curs_inopts(3x), curs_kernel(3x), curs_slk(3x),  curs_vari-